Bird Of Paradise Plant Care & Growing Guide

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Bird of paradise plant maintenance is simpler than you think! In this informative article, I’ll show you all that you want to know about developing bird of heaven. Including planting hints, comprehensive care for fertilizer, water, flowers, soil, sun, and a whole lot more!

Bird Of Paradise Plant Care & Growing Guide

Known since the ‘queen of houseplants’, bird of heaven is a broadly adaptable plant that’s commonly grown in tropical areas of earth.

 

They are highly prized because of their unique and brightly colored bird-shaped blossoms. In reality, they’re so exotic looking it feels like they’d be hard to take care of.

On the contrary, rising bird of heaven isn’t hard in the ideal conditions, and they’re rather low maintenance plants.

These tropical allure perform good outdoors in the garden, and may also be brought indoors as a houseplant. The big, uniquely tropical foliage adds tasteful style to any garden or home decoration.

Here’s what you’ll see in this thorough bird of paradise plant care manual…

Information About Bird Of Paradise

The bird of heaven (Streilitzia, also known as Crane Flower), is a native plant in South Africa, but you can develop them in almost any climate.

These tender perennials get their common name due to the distinctive flowers that resemble the mind of a bird once they start.

The sizable glistening foliage can attain heights up to 6in wide and 18in long on smaller species, and provided that 20ft on the giants. They are quite long-lived plants which could endure and maintain booming for decades.

Hardiness

Bird of heaven is hardy in zones 9-11, even though it is going to require frost protection during intense winters. Some can survive down to zone 8, but will die back to the ground in freezing temperatures.

If you reside in a lower zone, you are able to grow bird of heaven inside throughout the rainy months of this year. They make excellent houseplants.

Flowers

The long-lasting blossoms of this bird of heaven would be the distinguishing feature. They’re lovely, exotic, and will blossom constantly in the ideal atmosphere. Hummingbirds adore them also.

Sometimes it can be tricky to make them blossom, particularly in the event that you keep them inside. In this case, follow the following recommendations to improve the prospect of blossoms…

  1. Keep the plant cozy with marginally pot-bound roots
  2. Give it lots of sun
  3. Fertilize it
  4. Never let it dry out
  5. Be individual
Orange strelitzia reginae flower

Orange strelitzia reginae blossom

Different Types

The most recognizable kind of bird of heaven would be those with orange blossoms. But, there are actually a couple of unique varieties. Here are a few of the most frequent types…

  • Orange bird of heaven (Strelitzia reginae) – The most well understand species with blue and orange blossoms. Also called “orange bird”, this variety reaches 3-5 feet tall, and is acceptable for growing in containers or inside.
  • ‘Mandela’s Gold’ bird of heaven – Also known as ‘Kirstenbosch Gold’, this variety of Strelitzia reginae contains blue and yellow flowers. This one is considerably more uncommon, and develops to become 4-6ft tall.
  • White bird of heaven (Strelitzia nicolai) – As the largest of the various species, the big, banana-like leaves may get around 20 feet tall. Also called “Giant bird of paradise”, or “white bird”, this one has enormous blue and white blossoms that may include 6-12″ long.
Giant white bird of paradise plant blooming

Giant white bird of paradise plant flowering

Where To Grow Bird Of Paradise

These subtropical perennials are easy to grow from the backyard, as outside terrace specimens, or inside. They can do well in full to part sun where they’re protected from harsh winds.

Planting Bird Of Paradise In Containers

All forms of bird of heaven could be grown in containers, provided that the container is big enough for them. Since they could become really tall, find a container having a wide, large base to stop it from leaning over.

Also, make certain the container you choose allows for appropriate drainage. This is very important, and will help avoid overwatering.

Consider placing yours in a container which may be taken outside in hot weather, and brought indoors during the colder months. Once the exterior temperatures are always above 50F levels, it’s safe to go back outside.

Growing Bird Of Paradise Indoors

Though you can certainly grow bird of heaven inside as a houseplant year round, you might find it even more challenging to make them blossom.

Fortunately, the leaves alone is appealing, and a beautiful addition to any dwelling, or sunroom. But if you would like it to blossom inside, then place it out in the summertime, and make it back indoors for winter.

Bird Of Paradise Plant Care In The Garden

If you reside in the ideal climate, then it is possible to plant those beautiful evergreen perennials in your backyard, or even landscaping. The initial step toward powerful bird of paradise plant maintenance is site selection.

It needs well draining, fertile soil, higher humidity, and temperatures that remain above 50F levels. Choose a place which gets routine moisture, but not in which the ground gets saturated.

Bird of paradise plant growing in a garden

Bird of heaven plant growth in a backyard

How To Grow Bird Of Paradise

Before we enter the particular bird of paradise plant care instructions, it’s important to understand when and how to plant them. This will get them off to the best start possible.

When To Plant

You can plant bird of heaven just about any time of the year in temperate climates. However, prevent putting them extremely hot days.

If you wish to learn the perfect time for planting themit is during the warmer months of the spring or autumn, on a cloudy or rainy day.

Planting hints

To plant them out, dig a pit in the floor that’s a foot or so broader, and the exact same thickness as the bud. Don’t create the hole too heavy.

Gently loosen the rootball, and set it in precisely the hole at the exact same depth as it was in the kettle. Take care to not plant your bird of heaven deeper, or else they might not flower well.

Fill the hole with soil, and mulch around the base of the plant to keep moisture. Water nicely for many days after transplanting.

New bird of paradise flower buds

New bird of paradise flower buds

Bird Of Paradise Care & Growing Instructions

Though those challenging plants can endure a great deal of neglect and abuse, they will blossom and develop the very best when given the appropriate conditions. Follow these bird of paradise plant care instructions for the best results.

Water

The moisture conditions for developing bird of heaven include routine watering, but constantly avoid saturated soil.

Try to water regularly through the summer and spring months to keep evenly moist soil. But throughout winter and autumn, allow your plant to dry out between waterings.

If you fight to get it correctly, I suggest getting yourself a cheap moisture gauge to aid you.

Also, be wary of your water resource. Do not use softened water , they are incredibly sensitive to this kind of salt. So rather, water your crops with accumulated rainwater or distilled water.

Humidity

Since it’s native to the subtopics, the bird of paradise plant enjoys humid conditions. They benefit from routine spritzing while inside, which emulates the elevated humidity requirements of its native habitat.

Outdoors they are going to tolerate less moisture, but exceptionally dry atmosphere may cause the leaves to divide, turn brownish, or flake in the ends.

Fertilizing

Though compost isn’t ordinarily necessary for crops growing in the earth, deficiency of nutrients is among the chief reasons why bird of heaven won’t blossom.

They are heavy feeders, so routine fertilizing is quite vital for blooming, particularly in the event that you’ve got them .

For top results, include slow-release granules into the hole at planting time, and then top-dress them monthly throughout the spring and summertime.

You may even use a liquid plant food onto them every time you water. Use a water-soluble fertilizer for blooming plants, a natural compost tea, or liquid fish emulsion.

Cease feeding them throughout the autumn, and don’t fertilize them all in the winter in the dormant period. Learn more about fertilizing flowers here.

Strelitzia nicolai white bird of paradise flower

Strelitzia nicolai white bird of paradise flower

Soil

When it concerns the kind of soil, bird of heaven isn’t too fussy. But they’ll do best in soft, workable soil that’s high in organic matter.

It must be well-draining, but also retain moisture. You can overtake bad soil with compost or worm castings to include nutrients and moisture retention. Use a high quality mix for containers.

Repotting

Bird of heaven plants can reside in exactly the exact same pot for many, many decades. They like to become pot-bound, and repotting them too frequently can impair blooming.

Only repot yours when the roots have completely outgrown the pot, the plants health is falling, or the container has come to be so top-heavy it can’t stay standing.

Also, select a pot that’s only slightly bigger than the last. And bear in mind it might take a year or so to allow them to blossom again after being repotted.

Sunlight

Bird of heaven is adaptable to a range of sunlight. In colder climatesthey will be stronger, and blossom better if they get 6 or more hours of sunlight every day. If they get too much color, they won’t flower too.

However, you need to protect them in the intense afternoon sun in hot and drier climates, or it may burn the leaves. In that circumstance, plant them in a place which gets partial sunshine in the daytime or evening.

Indoors put it in a bright south facing window, or include a grow light in case it begins reaching for sun. You can’t give it a lot of light within the home.

Orange bird flower glowing in the sun

Orange bird flower shining in sunlight

Pests

Healthy bird of paradise plants also have hardly any pest issues. They can be infested with mealy bugs, scale, and spider mites. Fortunately, the remedy is exactly the exact same for all three of those bugs.

Periodically wipe the leaves using a rag saturated with soapy soapy water (always use a mild liquid soap). Cleaning the leaves prevents, in addition to snacks, moderate infestations.

For heavier infestations, you can use neem oil, or wash the leaves with insecticidal soap. Test any new sprays on a few leaves to make sure they don’t cause any damage before treating the entire plant.

Mealybugs on bird of paradise leaf

Mealybugs on bird of paradise leaf

Pruning

It’s a good idea to regularly prune bird of paradise plants to keep them growing and looking their best. Pruning helps encourage vigorous new growth, and tons of flowers.

It also prevents them from looking messy, and cleans up the dead flowers or damaged leaves. Trim out any unhealthy foliage as necessary, and cut off the flowers down to the base after they fade.

Bird Of Paradise Propagation Tips

There are two ways to propagate bird of paradise, either by division or by growing the seeds. To divide it, you can either split up the rootball, or remove the side shoots and pot them up.

When the flowers are pollinated, seeds will form. Collect the seeds and remove the fleshy coating before direct sowing or storing them.

Troubleshooting Common Bird Of Paradise Problems

The hardest part about bird of paradise plant care is when something goes wrong, and you have no idea how to fix it. So, in this section, I’ll help you troubleshoot some of the most common problems you may have yours.

  • Broken stalk – It’s not uncommon for the tall stalks to break off in a storm or heavy winds. Simply prune broken stalks from the plant as necessary, and consider moving it to a more protected location.
  • Leaves splitting – This is very common in windy areas, or when there is a strong storm. Lack of humidity and water are also common causes. Move the plant to a spot where it will be protected from the wind, trim off the heavily tattered leaves, and ensure the plant is getting plenty of water.
  • Leaves curling – Most often caused by lack of water, the leaves can also curl in low humidity. Make sure they’re getting enough water, the soil should never dry out completely.
  • Not flowering – On established plants, this could be caused by improper watering, lack of fertilizer, or too much shade. However, it can take a few years for a fresh bird of paradise to flower, so you may just need to give it more time.
  • Leaves turning brown – When the leaves turn brown, it could be caused by sunburn, not enough humidity, lack of water, or bugs. Inspect the leaves for bugs, move the plant if it’s getting sunburn, and ensure proper watering.
Brown leaves on bird of paradise plant

Brown leaves onto bird of paradise plant

Bird Of Paradise Care FAQs

Below I will answer some of the most frequently asked questions about bird of paradise plant care. If you can’t find your answer here, then ask it in the comments below, and I’ll be happy to answer it ASAP.

How do I get my bird of paradise to bloom?

Fertilizer and sunlight are the two main things bird of paradise plants need to bloom. Containerized plants like to be root-bound, and may not flower if the pot is too large. See the “Flowers” Section above to learn how to get them to bloom.

How long does it take for bird of paradise to grow?

Bird of paradise is a fast-growing plant, but it can take a 3-5 years for a seedling or small specimen to grow to the full, mature size.

How much sunlight does a bird of paradise need?

It depends on where you live. In temperate climates, bird of paradise does best in full sun. In hot, dry regions, they grow best in partial shade where they are protected from the intense afternoon sun.

How often should you water a bird of paradise plant?

Rather than automatically watering on a set schedule, always be sure to check the soil first to be certain it’s not already wet.

But in general, water bird of paradise plants weekly during the summer months. In the fall and winter, allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings.

Growing bird of paradise is fun and simple. The stately and elegant “queen of houseplants” is worth the effort to add height and lush foliage to your indoor living space, patio, or garden. Plus, with the proper care, you can enjoy the gorgeous and unusual blossoms for many years to come!

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